• Junaidi Junaidi Balai Penelitian Sungei Putih
  • Zaida Fairuzah Balai Penelitian Sungei Putih
Keywords: hevea brasiliensis, white root disease, sulfur, disease rate, budded stump



White root disease (WRD) is a very harmful disease in rubber planting material preparation. The treatment method for infected budded stump has not been determined; therefore, the infected stump is usually directly eradicated through burning. This research aimed to understand the effect of the sulfuric compound to WRD rate and budded stump growth in polybag nursery. The research was arranged based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD) non-factorial with chemical concentration treatment using four levels i.e. 0 g/l (control), 2 g/l, 4 g/l, 6 g/l, dan 8 g/l that was carried out at Sungei Putih Research Center Greenhouse in Galang, Deli Serdang. The trial result indicated that the submersion of infected budded stump level two into sulfuric solution up to the concentration of 8 g/l for 15 minutes did not decrease WRD rate. The shoots growth showed was not significantly different than without submersion. The submersion method is seemed not proper to treat WRD on the budded stump since it only can be conducted once at the beginning of the stump planting into the polybag. Therefore, research on the effect of sulfur for WRD treatment on the budded stump has to be carried out variously from the dosage as well as application method viewpoint.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Junaidi Junaidi, Balai Penelitian Sungei Putih

Balai Penelitian Sungei Putih

Zaida Fairuzah, Balai Penelitian Sungei Putih

Balai Penelitian Sungei Putih


Ditjenbun. (2015). Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia 2014-2016. Karet. D i r e k t o r a t J e n d e r a l P e r k e b u n a n , KementerianPertanianRepubli k I n d o n e s i a , J a k a r t a . /tinymcpuk/gambar/file/statisti k / 2 0 1 6 / K A R E T % 2 0 2 0 1 4 - 2016.pdf (diakses pada tanggal 4 Mei 2018).
Fairuzah Z., Dalimunthe, C.I. dan Karyudi. (2012). Efektivitas beberapa fungi antagonis (Trichoderma sp.) terhadap penyakit jamur akar putih di l a b o r a t o r i u m . P r o s i d i n g S e m n a s M i k o l o g i : Biodiversitas dan Bioteknologi Sumberdaya Hayati Fungi dan Pembentukan Perhimpunan M i k o l o g i I n d o n e s i a . Purwokerto, 15 - 16 Mei 2012 : 614-621.
Fryer J.M. (2018). Soil Properties at Influence the Occurrence of Hydrogen Sulfide Toxicity in R i c e F i e l d s . T h e s e s a n d Dissertations. 2640. University
o f A r k a n s a s , Fayetteville.http://scholarwork (5 Juni 2018).
IRRDB. (2006). Portrait of the Global Rubber Industry. Driving the Wheel of the World Economy. International Rubber Research a n d D e v e l o p m e n t B o a rd (IRRDB) . K u ala Lu mp u r, Malaysia.
Kaewchai, S. and Soytong, K. (2010). Application of biofungicides a g a i n s t R i g i d o p o r u s microporus causing white root disease of rubber trees. Journal of Agricultural Technology 6(2): 349-363. (5 Juni 2018).
Nam, M.G., Wawa, N.S., Ejolle, E.E., and Nkengafac, N.J. (2017). Management of white root rot disease (fomes) in Hevea brasiliensis plantations in Cameroon. American Journal of Plant Sciences 8, 1646 - 1658.
Rahayu, S., S. Pawirosoemardjo, and Sujatno . (2007) . Biological Control of White Root Disease o f H e v e a R u b b e r U s i n g T r i c h o d e r m a – b a s e d Biofungicide Triko SPPlus. Proc. International Workshop on White Root Disease of Hevea Rubber 28th – 29th November 2006. Salatiga. Indonesia. pp. 114 - 118.
Siagian, N. (2012). Pembibitan dan Pengadaan Bahan Tanam Karet U n g g u l . B a l a i P e n e l i t i a n S u n g e i P u t i h . M e d a n , Indonesia.
Situmorang, A., H. Suryaningtyas dan T . R . F e b y a n t i . (2 0 0 7) . Pengendalian Penyakit Akar Putih dengan Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Antagonis pada Perkebunan Karet. In: Hadi, H., Sudiharto, Setiono, Soekirman P., & B. Setyawan (Eds.). Pros. Lok. Nas. JAP pada Tanaman Karet 2006. Balai Penelitian Getas, Pusat Penelitian Karet, Salatiga, p : 69 – 87.
Soepena, H. dan M.Z. Nasution. (1986). P e n g a r u h b e l e r a n g p a d a intensitas serangan jamur akar putih. Pros. Konf. Nas. Karet, Medan.
Yulia, E., Istifadah, N., Widiantini, F., d a n U t a m i , H . S . (2 0 1 7) . Antagonisme Trichoderma spp. terhadap jamur Rigidoporus lignosus (Klotzsch) Imazeki dan penekanan penyakit jamur akar putih pada tanaman karet. Jurnal Agrikultura 28(1), 47-55.